A native of Arcadia, Louisiana, James Cobb attended Straight University and Fisk University and studied law at Howard University. He was admitted to the bar in 1902 and began working for Howard University in 1917. Cobb was a member of the Washington Bar Association for black lawyers and a special assistant to the attorney general. In 1925 President Coolidge appointed him a municipal court judge; he was the only African American on the municipal bench.
J. Clay Smith, Jr., is Professor of Law and formerly Dean at the Howard University School of Law. He has served as President of the Washington Bar Association, as National President of the Federal Bar Association, and was appointed by President Jimmy Carter U.S. Commissioner of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, of which he later served as Acting Chairman under President Ronald Reagan. He is the author of Rebels in Law: Voices in History of Black Women Lawyers....
WALLACE FALLS--Lower falls: 5 ml RT, 1300 EG. Mostly uphill so tough work-out, but c did not enjoy. Water too deep for swimming but nice to sit next to falls on rocks. Keep max on leash with rushing water & strict rule/$90 fine if off-leash. We were there 3 hours. Hiked 9/14.
Attorneys in the District of Columbia were not required to belong to a professional bar association in the 1950s, but the District maintained several voluntary bar associations that lawyers could choose to join. The Bar Association of the District of Columbia became known as the “white bar,” while the Washington Bar Association served as the “black bar.” Washington has a long history of racial separation and in the Jim Crow era, mandatory segregation laws remained in force.
Métis-Chippewa attorney Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin was the first Native American student, and first woman of color, to graduate from the Washington College of Law. She was admitted to the bar in 1914, and later worked for the Education Division of the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.