Vanitas (macabre) - A still life. A very, very still life. Simon Renard de St. André (1613 or 1614-1677) was a painter and copperplate engraver born in the 17th century in France. In his lifetime, he was regarded as a highly skilled portraitist.  He is remembered today for his vanitas paintings, which contain symbols that remind the viewer of the transcience of life and wealth.
Allegory of Charles I of England and Henrietta of France in a Vanitas Still Life (after 1669). Carstian Luyckx. Oil on canvas. Birmingham Museum of Art. Refers to the troubled reign of Charles I (1625-1649) and eventual execution. His attempts to expand monarchical power led to two civil wars and a subsequent conviction for high treason. Many of the elements in this painting are common to vanitas works and symbolize the fragility of life, such as the bubbles, skull, and just-snuffed candle.