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Independence Medal -Species Gallantry Medal Issue reason Turkish War of Independence 'is given due to everyone who participated in the heroic War Turkish War of Independence The first administration of the November 21, 1923


Turkish War of Independence Begins • 19 May 1919


Çerkes Ethem or Ethem the Circassian (1886–1948) was a Turkish militia leader of Circassian origin who initially gained fame for fighting against the Allied powers invading Anatolia in the aftermath of World War I and afterwards during the Turkish War of Independence.