The Fat Man on transport carriage, Tinian Island, 1945. "Fat Man" was the codename for the type of atomic bomb that was detonated over the Japanese city of Nagasaki by the United States on 9 August 1945. It was dropped from the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Bockscar, named after Captain Frederick C. Bock. The Fat Man mission was piloted by Major Charles W. Sweeney.
Lt. Col. Paul Tibbets waves to the ground crew on August 6, 1945 as he pilots the B-29 bomber “Enola Gay” on its last bomb run. He flew from Tinian Island in the Pacific to drop the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan that help end World War II a few days later
At 2:30 a.m. on August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay left Tinian Island, the forward American airbase in the Marianas, for Special Bombing Mission No. 13. In the bomb bay was “Little Boy,” the name given to the first atomic bomb to used in warfare. At 8:16 a.m., “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The bomb caused massive destruction and sped the end of World War II. When the bomb detonated, about 1,900 feet above the city, Nelson sent a coded message that was forwarded to President…
Tinian Island Pass, 1945. Tinian Island Pass issued by the War Department, U.S Engineer Office, to Cyril Stanley Smith. [Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs were assembled on Tinian] military passes War Department United States, 1945. (Photo by Science & Society Picture Library/SSPL/Getty Images)