1898: the Spanish-American War...On April 25, 1898 the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. As a result Spain lost its control over the remains of its overseas empire -- Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines Islands, Guam, and other islands.
Let's not forget the Buffalo Soliders: The nickname was acquired during the Indian Wars, but all-black units fought in several American wars until the armed forces were desegregated. Pictured here is the 10th Calvary on Oct. 18, 1898, returning from Cuba and the Spanish-American War.
Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The nickname was given to the "Negro Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought; the term eventually became synonymous with all of the African-American regiments formed in 1866. "Buffalo Soldiers" were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.
This activity features 10 primary sources from the Spanish American War that students analyze using questions organized onto a timeline. The documents include cartoons, newspapers, lithographs, maps, and pictures all related to each aspect of the war.