On 9 September 1943, a German force landed on the island of Zakinthos (Zakynthos). The German commander ordered the Greek mayor Carrer to provide him with a list of the local Jews, so that they could be deported to the mainland and from there to the camps in Poland. The mayor went to the local church leader, Metropolitan Dimitrios Chrysostomos for assistance. Chrysostomos volunteered to negotiate with the Germans and told Carrer to burn the list of the island’s 275 Jews.
Seventy years ago today, three German students were executed in Munich for leading a resistance movement against Hitler. Since then, the members of the White Rose group have become German national heroes - Lilo Furst-Ramdohr was one of them.
Although the Polish Army would have outnumbered the attacking German army — the Wehramcht — once it had all been mustered, the Germans were met by 17 ill-equipped infantry division. The Poles had just one armored brigade — 660 tanks in all, versus Germany's 2,100. It was during the Invasion of Poland that the last cavalry charge in the history of warfare was made by the Polish horseman against German tanks.