Lecture 7:  The Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution.  The History Guide [Lectures on Early European History].

Lecture 7: The Aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution. The History Guide [Lectures on Early European History].

In the October Revolution (November in the Gregorian calendar), the Bolshevik party, led by Vladimir Lenin, and the workers' Soviets, overthrew the Provisional Government in Petrograd and established the Russian SFSR, eventually shifting the capital to Moscow in 1918. The Bolsheviks appointed themselves as leaders of various government ministries and seized control of the countryside, establishing the Cheka to quash dissent. To end Russia’s participation in the First World War, the Bolshevik…

In the October Revolution (November in the Gregorian calendar), the Bolshevik party, led by Vladimir Lenin, and the workers' Soviets, overthrew the Provisional Government in Petrograd and established the Russian SFSR, eventually shifting the capital to Moscow in 1918. The Bolsheviks appointed themselves as leaders of various government ministries and seized control of the countryside, establishing the Cheka to quash dissent. To end Russia’s participation in the First World War, the Bolshevik…

IMPERIAL RUSSIA WINTER PALACE BALL~  1903. The last imperial ball before the Bolshevik Revolution.  Elaborate embroidered and bejeweled costumes with jeweled tiaras .

IMPERIAL RUSSIA WINTER PALACE BALL~ 1903. The last imperial ball before the Bolshevik Revolution. Elaborate embroidered and bejeweled costumes with jeweled tiaras .

While the Bolsheviks exterminated as many Romanovs as they could get their hands on, many survived. When the Soviet Union fell, the Pretender to the Throne of Russia was the Grand Duke Vladimir, second cousin to the young Grand Duchesses. Now the honor passes to his daughter Maria, who ironically married a great-grandson of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. Their son George, who will be only 21 in 2002, is now the Heir to the Romanovs.

While the Bolsheviks exterminated as many Romanovs as they could get their hands on, many survived. When the Soviet Union fell, the Pretender to the Throne of Russia was the Grand Duke Vladimir, second cousin to the young Grand Duchesses. Now the honor passes to his daughter Maria, who ironically married a great-grandson of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. Their son George, who will be only 21 in 2002, is now the Heir to the Romanovs.

Suite of Sapphire jewelry, part of a grand Parure which belonged to Grand Duchess Vladimir of Russia. Inherited by her daughter and sold after the Bolshevik Revolution.

Suite of Sapphire jewelry, part of a grand Parure which belonged to Grand Duchess Vladimir of Russia. Inherited by her daughter and sold after the Bolshevik Revolution.

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Владимир Ильич Ленин), born 22 April 1870, died 21 January 1924.  Russian Marxist revolutionary and politician who lead the Bolsheviks to revolution in 1917, and assumed leadership in the Soviet state from 1917 until his death in 1924.  Creator of Marxism-Leninism, the pragmatic Russian political philosophy of Communism.  To the Finland station....

Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Владимир Ильич Ленин), born 22 April 1870, died 21 January 1924. Russian Marxist revolutionary and politician who lead the Bolsheviks to revolution in 1917, and assumed leadership in the Soviet state from 1917 until his death in 1924. Creator of Marxism-Leninism, the pragmatic Russian political philosophy of Communism. To the Finland station....

Crimes of the Bolsheviks http://www.darkmoon.me/2011/crimes-of-the-bolsheviks-edited-by-isabella-fanfani/

Crimes of the Bolsheviks http://www.darkmoon.me/2011/crimes-of-the-bolsheviks-edited-by-isabella-fanfani/

Interrogator Nikolai Sokolov is looking for the remains of Nikolay II and his family. This photo shows Ganina Yama, the place where the Bolsheviks brought to hide the remains of Tsar's family. The photo was taken by Pierre Gilliard in 1919.

Interrogator Nikolai Sokolov is looking for the remains of Nikolay II and his family. This photo shows Ganina Yama, the place where the Bolsheviks brought to hide the remains of Tsar's family. The photo was taken by Pierre Gilliard in 1919.

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary and one of the main leaders of the Bolshevik Party during the Russian Revolution of 1917. In 1920-21 she was a leader of the Workers' Opposition within the party. From 1923 onwards she withdrew from directly political activity and became a Soviet diplomat and ambassador to Norway, Mexico and Sweden. Kollontai played a pioneering role in analysing the oppression of women from a socialist and Marxist perspective and in developing political work…

Alexandra Kollontai was a Russian revolutionary and one of the main leaders of the Bolshevik Party during the Russian Revolution of 1917. In 1920-21 she was a leader of the Workers' Opposition within the party. From 1923 onwards she withdrew from directly political activity and became a Soviet diplomat and ambassador to Norway, Mexico and Sweden. Kollontai played a pioneering role in analysing the oppression of women from a socialist and Marxist perspective and in developing political work…

Olga with her friend and her mother’s lady-in-waiting, Margarita (Rita/Ritka) Khitrovo in 1915. Rita tried to follow the family to Siberia, but when she arrived the Bolsheviks sent her home.

Olga with her friend and her mother’s lady-in-waiting, Margarita (Rita/Ritka) Khitrovo in 1915. Rita tried to follow the family to Siberia, but when she arrived the Bolsheviks sent her home.

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