Shackles from the Deep: Tracing the Path of a Sunken Slave Ship, a Bitter Past, and a Rich Legacy, by Michael Cottman (released January 3, 2017). Presents an investigation into the wreck of the Henrietta Marie and how it reflects the tragic history of slavery in England, West Africa, the Caribbean and America.
Five Englishmen escaping slavery from Algiers, Barbary Coast, 1684. From the 16th to the 19th centuries it is estimated that between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured by Barbary pirates and Barbary Slave Traders and sold as slaves. Barbary pirates were based on that coast of North Africa – what is now Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. Reports of Barbary raids and kidnappings of those in France, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
Olaudah Equiano (1745-1796) was only 11 years old when he was kidnapped and sold into slavery. He made the harrowing journey from West Africa to the West Indies, then to a colony of Virginia, and then to England. By the age of 20 he purchased his own freedom, still bearing the emotional and physical scars of the inhumane treatment he had experience. Unable to enjoy his own freedom while others were still enslaved, Equiano became active in the movement to abolish slavery in England.
Ignatius Sancho was an African composer and author who grew up as a house slave in England. Ignatius Sancho is best known for his letters about slavery. He sent missives to leading novelists describing himself as a black person and a former slave. He then urged the novelists to use the writings to condemn slavery in the British West Indies. Besides his political involvement, Sancho, an amateur composer, published his own #music.
Slavery in the North I totally disagree with this guy on some moral and political issues, but he's right about one thing: people forget that slavery originally existed in northern states as well as southern.
James Somerset or Somersett was a young African slave who was purchased by Charles Stuart in Virginia in 1749. In 1769, Stuart along with Somersett traveled to England. While in England, Somersett met and became involved with people associated with the anti-slavery movement in England including the well known activist Granville Sharp. Somersett was recaptured after escaping, and his trial ultimately spelt the end of slavery in England
One thing that is largely overlooked in the history of America is the fact that there were white European slaves. came here, not of there own free will, but kidnapped, shanghaied, impressed, duped, beguiled, and yes, in chains. Yes it is true, there was white slavery--even here in America. This was not only in the country's infancy, but lasted until the end of the Civil War when all slaves were freed.
Amanda Berry Smith was born enslaved January 23, 1837. Smith became well known for her beautiful voice and evangelized throughout the South and the West. In 1876, she was invited to speak and sing in England and ended up staying for a year and a half conducting religious services. After her return to the United States, she founded the Amanda Smith Orphan’s Home for African American children in a suburb of Chicago, Illinois.
William Wilberforce! (1759-1833) He was a Christian abolitionist who worked most of his life in politics to end slavery in British trade. He only saw part of his goal met in 1807 when the slave trade was abolished, but it did not include those who were already slaves. In 1833, freedom was given to all slaves in the British Empire.