The “Black Widow” pulsar is moving through the galaxy at a speed of almost a million kilometers per hour, a bow shockwave due to this motion is visible to optical telescopes, shown in this image as the greenish crescent shape. The pressure behind the bow shockwave creates a second shockwave that sweeps the cloud of high-energy particles back from the pulsar to form a cocoon
The Voyager 1 spacecraft has experienced three shock waves. The most recent shock wave, first observed in February 2014, still appears to be going on. One wave, previously reported, helped researchers determine that Voyager 1 had entered interstellar space.
A Surprisingly Bright Superbubble (detail) |The star cluster NGC 1929 contains massive stars that produce intense radiation, expel matter at high speeds, and race through their evolution to explode as supernovas. The winds and shock waves carve out huge cavities called superbubbles in the surrounding gas. X-rays from Chandra (blue) in this composite image reveal the regions created by these winds and shocks, while infrared data from Spitzer (red) outline where the dust and cooler gas are…
#PencilNebula | This shock wave plows through space at over 500,000 kilometers per hour. Moving toward to bottom of this beautifully detailed color composite, the thin, braided filaments are actually long ripples in a sheet of glowing gas seen almost edge on. About 5 light-years long and a mere 800 light-years away, the Pencil Nebula is only a small part of the #VelaSupernovaRemnant.