Battle of Satala was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sassanid (Persian) Empire in summer 530. The Persian army approached the city to lay siege, when it was attacked in the rear by a small Byzantine force. The Persians turned back to meet them, but were then attacked by the main army from inside the city. A determined attack by a Byzantine unit led to the loss of the Persian general's flag, causing the panicking Persians to retreat.
Detail of a 4th century CE gilded plate from the Sasanian period depicting a hunting scene. The capital of the Sassanid Persian Empire: Seleucia-Ctesiphon (near modern-day Baghdad) was one of the largest cities in the world. Freer and Sackler Galleries of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Photo by Babylon Chronicle
Dish: Sassanian Iran. The Sassanian Empire or Sassanid Persian Empire also spelled Sasanid or Sasanian), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian and resulting in the New Persian terms Iranshahr and Iran, was the last pre-Islamic Iranian Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from 224 CE to 651 CE.