Born on January 13, 1808, in Cornish, New Hampshire, Salmon P. Chase studied law and became an abolitionist as a young man. He went on to serve in the U.S. Senate and as governor of Ohio. He later worked as President Abraham Lincoln's secretary of the treasury during the Civil War, creating the foundation for America's current taxation and currency system. Chase was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1864. He died in New York City in 1873.