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Omar Khayyám Born in Nishapur, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there. In Bukhara he became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. Died in 1131.


Illustration by Edmund Dulac from "Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam." "...And hidden by the sleeve of Night and Morn."


Original binding design for the 150th anniversary edition of Edward FitzGerald's translation of the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám 2009