December 1, 1955: Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, is arrested for refusing to give up her seat for a boarding white passenger as required by Montgomery city ordinance. Her action prompted the historic Montgomery Bus Boycott and earned her a place in history as “mother of the civil rights movement.” Ms. Parks was inducted into the Alabama Academy of Honor in August 2000.
Hampton University and Mrs. Rosa Parks During the period of the boycott and following, Mrs. Parks and her family experienced constant harassment. She and her husband were fired from their jobs and unable to secure other employment. As a result, they returned to her home in Detroit. A mere nine months after the boycott officially ended on December 20, 1956, Mrs. Parks (mother of the Civil Rights Movement) was offered and accepted employment at Hampton University.
Rosa Parks would have celebrated her 100th birthday on February 4, 1913. Her defiant act of courage advanced the civil right movement. It is ironic that after the end of the 381-day bus boycott spurred by her arrest in Montgomery, Alabama, Ms. Parks was not able to find employment there. So she and her husband moved to Detroit, and Ms. Parks worked for Congressman John Conyers. She is someone who, as Maya Angelous says, "had greatness thrust upon her." Happy #blackhistorymonth! Celebrate…
Ida B. Wells: "African American journalist, newspaper editor...an early leader in the civil rights movement. She documented lynching in the United States, showing how it was often a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites. She was active in the women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several notable women's organizations."