Rosa Parks - (1913–2005) African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", & "mother of the freedom movement". In 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver's order to give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Her civil disobedience sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Hampton University and Mrs. Rosa Parks During the period of the boycott and following, Mrs. Parks and her family experienced constant harassment. She and her husband were fired from their jobs and unable to secure other employment. As a result, they returned to her home in Detroit. A mere nine months after the boycott officially ended on December 20, 1956, Mrs. Parks (mother of the Civil Rights Movement) was offered and accepted employment at Hampton University.