Dr. Robert Liston (1794-1847) was a pioneering Scottish surgeon who was noted for his skill and speed in an era before anaesthetics, Only 1 in 10 of Listons patients died and he was once timed whislt performing a leg amputation, from the first incision to the final cutting of the suture threads it only took 2 1/2 minutes.
TIL in 1847 Robert Liston amputated a mans leg in under 2.5 minutes operaterating so quickly he amputated the fingers of his assistant as well. Both later died from gangrene and a spectator reportedly dropped dead from fright making it the only known operation with a 300% mortality rate.
This beautiful box was made in 1579 for Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth I's favourite. It's original purpose was to contain sweetmeats. Robert Dudley's personal crest is on the inside of the lid