Robert Gould Shaw was an American officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. As Colonel, he commanded the all-black 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, which entered the war in 1863. He was killed in the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, near Charleston, South Carolina.
Robert Gould Shaw commanded the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, an African American regiment. Shaw had already fought in the battles of Cedar Mountain and Antietam with the 2nd MA Inf. when he took command of the 54th at the age of 25. Shaw was hesitant to leave his comrades for service in a regiment that he doubted would ever see action. Never the less, he would die leading them during their assault on Battery Wagner outside of Chalreston, SC.