Red Cloud 1822-1909 Perhaps one of the most capable warriors from the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) tribesmen ever faced by the US military, Makhpiya Luta, his Sioux name, led his people in what is known as Red Cloud’s War. This battle was for the rights to the area known as Powder River Country in Northern Wyoming and Southern Montana. Eventually he led his people during their time on reservation.
Red Cloud (Oglala Sioux), Sitting Bull (actually Hunkpapa, not Miniconjou Sioux), Swift Bear (Arapaho), and Spotted Tail (Brule Sioux)... and Julius Meyer. Taken by Frank F. Currier, Omaha. Indian_Chiefs_1875.jpg (1512×1887)
Red Cloud (Lakota: Maȟpíya Lúta), (1822 – December 10, 1909) was a war leader and a chief of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux). He led as a chief from 1868 to 1909. One of the most capable Native American opponents the United States Army faced, he led a successful campaign in 1866–1868 known as Red Cloud's War over control of the Powder River Country in northeastern Wyoming and southern Montana.
Chief Red Cloud and son Jack Red Cloud - Oglala Sioux circa 1900
Red Cloud was born near the forks of the Platte River, near what is now North Platte, Nebraska. His mother was an Oglala and his father, who died in Red Cloud's youth, was a Brulé Red Cloud was raised in the household of his maternal uncle, Chief Smoke.