Isabella l of Castile was Queen of Castile and León. She and her husband Ferdinand II of Aragon brought stability to both kingdoms that became the basis for the unification of Spain.

Isabella l of Castile was Queen of Castile and León. She and her husband Ferdinand II of Aragon brought stability to both kingdoms that became the basis for the unification of Spain.

Isabella of Castile was an example of queenship in the late medieval age. Queen of Castile united the country of Spain with her husband, King Ferdinand II of Aragon as well as fearlessly led her soldiers into battle.

Isabella of Castile was an example of queenship in the late medieval age. Queen of Castile united the country of Spain with her husband, King Ferdinand II of Aragon as well as fearlessly led her soldiers into battle.

Crown of Isabella I. One of many crowns that must have belonged to Queen Isabella I (r. 1474-1504) of Spain. It follows the tradition of many other crowns that were donated to Cathedrals, Chapels or Monasteries by Catholic monarch throughout Europe.

Crown of Isabella I. One of many crowns that must have belonged to Queen Isabella I (r. 1474-1504) of Spain. It follows the tradition of many other crowns that were donated to Cathedrals, Chapels or Monasteries by Catholic monarch throughout Europe.

A portrait of Queen Isabella of Castile (1451-1504), the mother of Catherine of Aragon.

A portrait of Queen Isabella of Castile (1451-1504), the mother of Catherine of Aragon.

Crown of Queen Isabella II, Spain (ca. 1850; diamonds, topazes). Different, but like the color combo~

Crown of Queen Isabella II, Spain (ca. 1850; diamonds, topazes). Different, but like the color combo~

Joanna of Castile (Joanna the Mad): Daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, she kept the corpse of her husband Philip the Handsome in bed with her long after he had died

Joanna of Castile (Joanna the Mad): Daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, she kept the corpse of her husband Philip the Handsome in bed with her long after he had died

Crown of Queen Isabella.  This was the personal crown used by Queen Isabella I of Castile, Spain.  It is displayed in the Royal Chapel Museum.

Crown of Queen Isabella. This was the personal crown used by Queen Isabella I of Castile, Spain. It is displayed in the Royal Chapel Museum.

Spain. HM Queen Isabella II of Spain with son, His Royal Highness Prince Alfonso of Spain

Spain. HM Queen Isabella II of Spain with son, His Royal Highness Prince Alfonso of Spain

1867 Mellerio dits Meller tiara made for Queen Isabella II of Spain in the shape of a scallop shell set with diamonds, diamond briolettes, and pearls.

1867 Mellerio dits Meller tiara made for Queen Isabella II of Spain in the shape of a scallop shell set with diamonds, diamond briolettes, and pearls.

Sisters of Spain: Queen Isabella II of Spain (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904) and her sister Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (30 January 1832 – 2 February 1897) by Frederico de Madrazo, circa mid-19th century

Sisters of Spain: Queen Isabella II of Spain (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904) and her sister Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier (30 January 1832 – 2 February 1897) by Frederico de Madrazo, circa mid-19th century

Portrait of Queen Isabella I of Castile mother of Henry VIII's first wife, Katherine of Aragon.

Portrait of Queen Isabella I of Castile mother of Henry VIII's first wife, Katherine of Aragon.

Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), was Queen consort of England as the wife of Edward II of England. She was the daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. By 1325 her marriage to Edward was at a breaking point. Isabella began an affair with Roger Mortimer, and the two agreed to depose Edward. The Queen returned to England with a small mercenary army in 1326. The King's forces deserted him. Isabella deposed Edward, becoming regent on behalf of her son, Edward III.

Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), was Queen consort of England as the wife of Edward II of England. She was the daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. By 1325 her marriage to Edward was at a breaking point. Isabella began an affair with Roger Mortimer, and the two agreed to depose Edward. The Queen returned to England with a small mercenary army in 1326. The King's forces deserted him. Isabella deposed Edward, becoming regent on behalf of her son, Edward III.

Queen Isabella, the "she-wolf" of France (1295-1358). Isabella was the daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. Isabella married Edward II of England & became Queen Consort. Isabella was praised for her beauty, diplomatic skills & intelligence. Her husband was an ineffectual king who came to be resented by his subjects. Isabella saw an opportunity, & raised an army & deposed her husband. She also managed to end the war with Scotland before her son took the throne as Edward III.

Queen Isabella, the "she-wolf" of France (1295-1358). Isabella was the daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. Isabella married Edward II of England & became Queen Consort. Isabella was praised for her beauty, diplomatic skills & intelligence. Her husband was an ineffectual king who came to be resented by his subjects. Isabella saw an opportunity, & raised an army & deposed her husband. She also managed to end the war with Scotland before her son took the throne as Edward III.

Ferdinand of Aragon (1452-1516) and Isabella of Castile (1451-1504), a reliquary in the Royal Chapel, Capilla Real. Parents of Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII.

Ferdinand of Aragon (1452-1516) and Isabella of Castile (1451-1504), a reliquary in the Royal Chapel, Capilla Real. Parents of Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII.

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