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Pulse pressure is important as it is often overlooked in nursing but can be one of the few signs leading to complications of your patient. Normal Pulse Pressure is 40 – PP = Diastolic minus Systolic - Nursing KAMP Low is BASH – Bleeding, Aortic Stenosis and Heart Failure High is High & Afar – Atherosclerosis Fever Aortic Regurge

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Pulse Pressure --SHOULD BE NO MORE THAN 60 The Third Number in Blood Pressure Readings

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Stroke Vol, Preload, Afterload, Venous Return, End Diastolic Vol, End Systolic Vol. Made easy

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Increased ICP Symptoms (0 - 15) = Normal Ranges **Any patient that becomes acutely unconscious, regardless of the cause should be suspected of having ↑ ICP** Causes: · Mass lesion (tumor) · Cerebral edema: o Can lead to SIADH or DI o Do NOT lay flat (might have edema in brain) o Reaches peak in 2 – 4 days, then subsides unless there is underlying pathology (cancer, DM, etc.) o Treatment: § Mannitol § Hypertonic Saline § Surgery (depending on cause trauma v. brain tumor) · NOT done if…

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Massage Points for Migraine Relief- how funny, I actually do some of these when I have a migraine, I just didn't know they were massage points.

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My Level 1 Sheet covering Normal hemodynamics Pulse Pressure Cardiac output Stroke Volume PAWP Wedge pressure CVP JVP JVD Nursing KAMP Student NCLEX StickENotes Right Sided measurements are more related to fluid balance and build up of fluid in the peripheral side. Where the Left Sided is more affected by the Hearts ability or inability to pump oxygenated blood !

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Aortic Regurgitation... WIDE PULSE PRESSURE... Regurgitation of the blood back into the LV, causes hypertrophy --> this causes the apex of the heart to lie closer to the chest wall --> increased sensation of their own heartbeat (especially in the left lateral position)... Diastolic Murmur

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Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure and Pulse (with relationship) and measuring blood pressure with instruments

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