The Peace Symbol was designed by Gerald Holtum, a message designer, in England in 1958 for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. It is the combination of two semaphore letters, N and D for Nuclear Disarmament, surrounded by a circle. It was made for a single protest march in Trafalgar Square but was picked up by the American anti-war movement when Vietnam heated up. Philosopher Bertrand Russell was instrumental in bringing the symbol to the US.
picture of the silent protest organized by Occupy Boise, part of the Occupy Wall Street gatherings. Today they are taping $1 over their mouths to symbolize how the 1% have silenced the other 99% in the USA. They also say the $1 is one dollar more than the Bank of America has paid in taxes
Transcendentalists believed that most focus was revolved around money and superficial items. Looking at it as being brainwashed, Transcendentalists pushed for independency and hope that people would follow what they believed in, not what the "fling" of the time was.