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Following the July 26 Potsdam Declaration, where Allies outlined the terms of surrender for Japan and promised "inevitable and complete destruction" of Japan if they failed to comply, preparations were secretly under way to make use of the newly-tested Atomic Bomb. Here, the first nuclear device to be used as a weapon, codenamed "Little Boy", rests on a trailer cradle in a pit, ready for loading into the bomb bay of the "Enola Gay" in August of 1945.

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On Aug. 14, 1945, President Harry Truman announced the unconditional surrender of Japan to the Allies according to the Potsdam Declaration, signaling the end to World War II.

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On July 26, 1945, the Allies delivered the Potsdam Declaration to the leaders of Japan, which they rejected. Six days after the bombing of Nagasaki, they accepted the exact same terms. I wish they hadn't waited ...

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On Aug. 14, 1945, President Harry Truman announced the unconditional surrender of Japan to the Allies according to the Potsdam Declaration, signaling the end to World War II.

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On Aug. 14, 1945, President Harry Truman announced the unconditional surrender of Japan to the Allies according to the Potsdam Declaration, signaling the end to World War II.

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1945 – The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany. | The Potsdam Conference defined the framework for the Allied occupation ...

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On Aug. 14, 1945, President Harry Truman announced the unconditional surrender of Japan to the Allies according to the Potsdam Declaration, signaling the end to World War II.

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Workers move a 1943 painting by German painter Franz Eichhorst titled, "Reminiscence on Stalingrad", a part of Adolf Hitler's private art collection, at the Doksany Monastery near Prague February 27, 2012. Sixteen paintings from this collection were recently found in the Czech Republic, but will not be publicly displayed

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"Jewel Voice Broadcast", was the radio broadcast in which Japanese emperor Hirohito read out the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War , announcing to the Japanese people that the Japanese Government had accepted the Potsdam Declaration demanding the unconditional surrender of the Japanese military at the end of World War II. This speech was broadcast at noon Japan standard time on August 15, 1945.

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