Pope Leo X (1475-1521) (Pope from 1513-1521) was the first of the four Medici popes. Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, he was a great patron of the arts including artists like Raphael and MIchelangelo. His selling of indulgences led Martin Luther to post his 95 Thesis, sparking the Protestant Reformation. This famous portrait with Caridnal Giulio de' Medici (later Pope Clement VII) in the background was painted by Raphael.
Pope Leo X, who was Pope from 1514 until his death in 1521. This was during Henry's early reign, and before his issues with the Church and before Anne Boleyn, of course. Therefore, Leo and Henry didn't have any issues of note.
Week 1 - Leo X (Giovanni de’ Medici): He was one of the leading popes of the 16th Century and made Rome a cultural centre and a political power. However, he depleted the papal treasury and thereby failed in taking the developing Reformation seriously, thus, he contributed to the dissolution of the Western church.
Leo X Papacy began 9 March 1513 (elected) 11 March 1513 (proclaimed) Papacy ended 1 December 1521 Predecessor Julius II Successor Adrian VI Orders Consecration 17 March 1513 by Raffaele Sansone Riario Created Cardinal 26 March 1492 Personal details Birth name Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Born 11 December 1475 Florence, Republic of Florence Died 1 December 1521 (aged 45) Rome, Papal States
Pope Leo X 1475 – 1521. Pope from 1513 to his death in 1521. Was born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, He is known for starting indulgences.(paying catholic for forgiveness of your sins) and the writing the Exsurge Domine challenging of Martin Luther 95 Theses. This was all a plan to show publicly an argument between the differing sides. This way catholic’s chose to create their own rebellion, one that could be more easily controlled and directed.
Pope Leo X ~ “God gave us this, let us enjoy it” A product of the Medici clan, he entered the clergy as a boy and was elevated to the papacy as a young man. His lifestyle was more secular than spiritual and his use of indulgences brought about a revolution within Christianity. The perfect foil for Martin Luther, his reign was consumed by the Reformation. ,,,(Read more about Pope Leo X...)
Pope Leo Prepares for Mass Pope Leo Prepares for Mass, from “Preparatio ad missam of Pope Leo X,” in Latin Italy, Rome, 1520 Illuminated for Pope Leo X by Attavante degli Attavanti The Morgan Library & Museum, New York; MS H.6, fol. 1v Gift of the Heineman Foundation, 1977 Photography: Graham S. Haber
Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521. The second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentine Republic, he was elevated to the cardinalate in 1489.