Philip the Fair  Philip IV of France – effigy at St. Denis  King of France~As early as the 14th century, the town had commune status and a county judge. In 1307, several Templars, were arrested and imprisoned in the dungeons of the château by order of Philip IV of France,

Philip the Fair Philip IV of France – effigy at St. Denis King of France~As early as the 14th century, the town had commune status and a county judge. In 1307, several Templars, were arrested and imprisoned in the dungeons of the château by order of Philip IV of France,

"I am here because Matthew was there for me after the French king executed Hugh".  / Philip IV of France disbanded, arrested and accused the Knights Templar of heresy and worse.  Hugh died alongside the Templars that were executed at the order of Philip IV in the fourteenth century.  "Hugh de Clermont had been burned at the stake, leaving no body to bury."

"I am here because Matthew was there for me after the French king executed Hugh". / Philip IV of France disbanded, arrested and accused the Knights Templar of heresy and worse. Hugh died alongside the Templars that were executed at the order of Philip IV in the fourteenth century. "Hugh de Clermont had been burned at the stake, leaving no body to bury."

Philippe IV, the Fair (1268 - 1314). King of France from 1285 to 1314 and King of Navarre from 1284 to 1305. He married Joan I of Navarre and they had four children. He massacred the Knights Templar and they were rumored to have cursed his family because of this. He died soon after the Templar leaders were executed and his sons all died young without male heirs.

Philippe IV, the Fair (1268 - 1314). King of France from 1285 to 1314 and King of Navarre from 1284 to 1305. He married Joan I of Navarre and they had four children. He massacred the Knights Templar and they were rumored to have cursed his family because of this. He died soon after the Templar leaders were executed and his sons all died young without male heirs.

Isabella of France - Wikipedia

Isabella of France - Wikipedia

Isabella of France. (b.1295 - d.1358) Wife of Edward II (b.1284 - d.1327) of England She was the youngest surviving child and only surviving daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. Queen Isabella was notable at the time for her beauty, diplomatic skills, and intelligence.

Isabella of France. (b.1295 - d.1358) Wife of Edward II (b.1284 - d.1327) of England She was the youngest surviving child and only surviving daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. Queen Isabella was notable at the time for her beauty, diplomatic skills, and intelligence.

Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), was Queen consort of England as the wife of Edward II of England. She was the daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. By 1325 her marriage to Edward was at a breaking point. Isabella began an affair with Roger Mortimer, and the two agreed to depose Edward. The Queen returned to England with a small mercenary army in 1326. The King's forces deserted him. Isabella deposed Edward, becoming regent on behalf of her son, Edward III.

Isabella of France (1295 – 22 August 1358), was Queen consort of England as the wife of Edward II of England. She was the daughter of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre. By 1325 her marriage to Edward was at a breaking point. Isabella began an affair with Roger Mortimer, and the two agreed to depose Edward. The Queen returned to England with a small mercenary army in 1326. The King's forces deserted him. Isabella deposed Edward, becoming regent on behalf of her son, Edward III.

Queen Isabella, the "she-wolf" of France (1295-1358). Isabella was the daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. Isabella married Edward II of England & became Queen Consort. Isabella was praised for her beauty, diplomatic skills & intelligence. Her husband was an ineffectual king who came to be resented by his subjects. Isabella saw an opportunity, & raised an army & deposed her husband. She also managed to end the war with Scotland before her son took the throne as Edward III.

Queen Isabella, the "she-wolf" of France (1295-1358). Isabella was the daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. Isabella married Edward II of England & became Queen Consort. Isabella was praised for her beauty, diplomatic skills & intelligence. Her husband was an ineffectual king who came to be resented by his subjects. Isabella saw an opportunity, & raised an army & deposed her husband. She also managed to end the war with Scotland before her son took the throne as Edward III.

Elisabeth of France (1602-1644) Queen consort of Spain & Portugal as wife of King Philip IV of Spain / eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France & Marie de' Medici. Elisabeth was renowned for her beauty, intelligence & noble personality, which made her very popular with the Spanish people. The new queen of Spain was aware her husband had mistresses & she herself was the subject of rumors about her relations w/ poet Peralta. When a fire broke out, Peralta carried the queen to a place of…

Elisabeth of France (1602-1644) Queen consort of Spain & Portugal as wife of King Philip IV of Spain / eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France & Marie de' Medici. Elisabeth was renowned for her beauty, intelligence & noble personality, which made her very popular with the Spanish people. The new queen of Spain was aware her husband had mistresses & she herself was the subject of rumors about her relations w/ poet Peralta. When a fire broke out, Peralta carried the queen to a place of…

Marginalia drawing of Edward I and Philip IV of France, 25/26 Edw I. Catalogue reference: E 368/69

Marginalia drawing of Edward I and Philip IV of France, 25/26 Edw I. Catalogue reference: E 368/69

Reine Marie de Médicis.  Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon.

Reine Marie de Médicis. Queen of France as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon.

Elisabeth of France (1602 - 1644). Queen of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. She was married to Philip IV of Spain.

Elisabeth of France (1602 - 1644). Queen of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. She was married to Philip IV of Spain.

Isabella of France (1295-1358) the youngest surviving daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. She was brought up in Paris and given a good education where she developed a love of books. Contemporaries would later comment on her intelligence which was unusual for the medieval period.  Isabella became known as the “She-wolf of France” in the 18th century when Thomas Gray produced an anti-French poem in which she rips apart the bowels of Edward II with her “unrelenting fangs.”

Isabella of France (1295-1358) the youngest surviving daughter of Philip IV of France & Joan I of Navarre. She was brought up in Paris and given a good education where she developed a love of books. Contemporaries would later comment on her intelligence which was unusual for the medieval period. Isabella became known as the “She-wolf of France” in the 18th century when Thomas Gray produced an anti-French poem in which she rips apart the bowels of Edward II with her “unrelenting fangs.”

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (1292 - 1330). Queen of France from 1316 - 1322. She was married to Philippe V and had four daughters who survived infancy.

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (1292 - 1330). Queen of France from 1316 - 1322. She was married to Philippe V and had four daughters who survived infancy.

Elisabeth Bourbon of France, Queen of Spain, eldest daughter of King Henry IV. of France and Maria de Medici, first Wife of King Philip IV of Spain  - copy of painting

Elisabeth Bourbon of France, Queen of Spain, eldest daughter of King Henry IV. of France and Maria de Medici, first Wife of King Philip IV of Spain - copy of painting

1615ca. Elisabeth de France by Frans Pourbus the Younger (Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe Germany)

1615ca. Elisabeth de France by Frans Pourbus the Younger (Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe Germany)

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