Cyrus the Great ~ " What is sometimes referred to as the Edict of Restoration, (actually two edicts), described in the Bible as being made by Cyrus the Great; left a lasting legacy on the Jewish religion where because of his policies in Babylonia, he is referred to by the people of the Jewish faith, as "the anointed of the Lord."
Religion: Founded by the Iranian prophet and reformer Zoroaster in the 6th century BC, Zoroastrianism contains both monotheistic and dualistic features. Its concepts of one God, judgment, heaven and hell likely influenced the major Western religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery religion practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to 4th centuries CE. The name of the Persian god Mithra (proto-Indo-Iranian Mitra), adapted into Greek as Mithras, was linked to a new and distinctive imagery. Writers of the Roman Empire period referred to this mystery religion by phrases which can be anglicized as Mysteries of Mithras; modern historians refer to it as Mithraism. The mysteries were popular in the Roman military.
Zoroastrianism, considered by many as history's oldest monotheistic religion. It greatly influenced Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Greek philosophy. Founded by Zarathushtra who was born between 1800-1700 BC and lived in northeastern Iran. He saw the human condition as the mental struggle between aša (truth) and druj (lie). The purpose of humankind is to sustain aša, this occurs through active participation in life and the exercise of constructive thoughts, words and deeds.
Le Mir'âj معراج نگاره , برگی از یک مرقع نفیس، ربع چهارم سده ۱۶ ترسایی، قزوین، برگ ۲۷.۸ در ۱۸.۳ سانتیمتر، آبرنگ و گواش بر روی کاغذ، موزه هنر و تاریخ، ژنو Style Qazwin, Style Le Mir'âj ou la Montée Céleste du Prophète, 4e quart 16e s. Feuille: 185 x 100 mm (miniature); feuille: 328 x 260 mm (montage) Gouache et or sur papier, monté sur une page d'album enluminée à la gouache et à l'or. Mention obligatoire : Cabinet d'arts graphiques des Musées d'art et ...
Ahura Mazda. the Iranian sky god, the Wise Lord, and god of order, depicted as a bearded man on a winged disk, was the principal god of the ancient Zoroastrians. He was one of the Indo-Iranian spiritual lords who also included Mithra and Varuna. Achaemenid Persians worshiped him as Ahuramazda, giver of kingship. Later dynasties worshiped him as a perfect and omniscient spirit. He came to be depicted in human form.