"Africa’s one endemic penguin breeds in 27 scattered colonies along the coast of the Western Cape and Namibia, 24 on islands and three on the mainland. Like all penguins, its wings are modified into flippers, which allow great speed and agility in the water but are no use for flight." www.bradtguides.com
One of the world rarest penguins. It breeds only on the southern coast of New Zealand and outlying islands. The mainland population is classified as endangered. The reason for decline of the penguins is the lost of the coastal forest, the nesting habitat of the Yellow-eyed penguin. The Maori name is Hoiho meaning "noisy'. This picture was taken at Moeraki on the South Island of New Zealand. Just before sunset this penguin came out of the coastal forest.
Little penguins, also known as fairy penguins, usually have a white belly and dark blue back to camouflage them from predatory eagles above and their fish prey below. So UNSW and Parks Australia researchers were surprised to come across this very rare piebald chick recently during field research at the little penguin breeding colony on Bowen Island, at Jervis Bay on the NSW South Coast.
Warming Antarctic brings changes to penguin breeding cycles