French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in 1534, and Samuel de Champlain arrived in 1603 to build French settlements. Soon after, Jesuit missionaries followed and in 1663, Louis XIV of France dubbed the area "New France". The British won control of Canada in the French and Indian War in 1763; however, Parliament passed the Quebec act in 1774, ensuring the continuation of French civil law in Quebec. In 1974, Quebec proclaimed French as its official language.
Indian khanjar dagger, 19th century, steel, nephrite, gold, emeralds, rubies, diamonds, ray skin, H. with sheath 15 11/16 in. (39.8 cm); H. without sheath 14 5/8 in. (37.1 cm); W. 3 3/8 in. (8.6 cm); Wt. 15.8 oz. (447.9 g); Wt. of sheath 1.8 oz. (51 g), Met Museum.
Captain William Kidd: Captain William Kidd (1645-1701). Captain Kidd had a license from Lord Bellomont, the governor of New England and New York, and King William III of England to hunt down pirates and capture French ships.