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Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.

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Brooch Date: 970–1030 Geography: Made in, North Italy Culture: Ottonian Medium: Gold, pearls, glass, cloisonné enamel

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Brooch, 970–1030 Ottonian (probably northern Italy) Gold with pearls, glass, and cloisonné enamel

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Very Rare image of Henry II (972-1024) King of Italy and Germany also Holy Roman Emperor during the time of the Ottonian Dynasty. From the Sacramentary of Henry II (1002 -1014). Undeniable proof of so called black presence throughout Europe.

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Ottonian Ring, Gold with cloisonné enamel, German, c. 10th - 11th century

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CAROLINGIAN ROCK CRYSTAL PENDANT 8th-9th century AD A keeled ovoid crystal in a silver cell with running coil to the edge, integral loop above; Carolingian or Ottonian workmanship. 15 grams, 47mm (2").

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Ottonian crown on display at Essen's cathedral treasury, ca. 1100. Long believed to be the infant crown of king of Romans Otto III

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Sacramentary; Unknown; Fulda, Germany; about 1025 - 1050; Tempera colors, gold, and ink on parchment bound between oak boards covered with red silk, fitted with hammered and engraved silver and copper; Leaf: 26.7 x 18.9 cm (10 1/2 x 7 7/16 in.); Ms. Ludwig V 2

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Panel with Christ and the Four Symbols of the Evangelists, carved ca. 1050 Ottonian (possibly Fulda, Germany) Ivory

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