Vertical cylinder, rope-geared hydraulic elevator with 2:1 gear ratio and rope control (about 1880). For higher rises and speeds, ratios of up to 10:1 were used, and the endless rope was replaced by a lever. (Courtesy of Otis Elevator Company.)
Wikipedia.org/ Otis Elevator Company-- is the world's largest manufacturer of vertical transportation systems, principally focusing on elevators, moving walkways and escalators. The company pioneered the development of the "safety elevator", invented by Otis in 1852, which used a special mechanism to lock the elevator car in place should the hoisting ropes fail.