Red Cloud (Oglala Sioux), Sitting Bull (actually Hunkpapa, not Miniconjou Sioux), Swift Bear (Arapaho), and Spotted Tail (Brule Sioux)... and Julius Meyer. Taken by Frank F. Currier, Omaha. Indian_Chiefs_1875.jpg (1512×1887)
Black Elk (Oglala Sioux) 1863-1950. Black Elk experienced a vision at age nine that led to his becoming a medicine man renowned for his spiritual and healing powers. He participated in the Custer battle, the Ghost Dance religion and the Wounded Knee massacre. One of the most important books ever written about Native spirituality, "Black Elk Speaks: The Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux" has become the "bible" for young Indians, who look to it for spiritual guidance.
SIX 19TH CENTURY NATIVE AMERICAN LEADERS ON HORSEBACK (l-r) — Little Plume (Piegan), Buckskin Charley (Ute), Geronimo (Chiricahua Apache), Quanah Parker (Comanche), Hollow Horn Bear (Brulé Sioux), and American Horse (Oglala Sioux). Photo: Edward S. Curtis, circa 1900.
Thomas American Horse, Oglala Sioux, by Heyn Photo, 1899 Pinned by indus® in honor of the indigenous people of North America who have influenced our indigenous medicine and spirituality by virtue of their being a member of a tribe from the Western Region through the Plains including the beginning of time until tomorrow.