Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party (representing the militant wing of the suffrage movement) utilized public demonstrations (picketing, pageants, parades, demonstrations) to gain popular attention for the right of women to vote.
This ribbon was issued by Alice Paul's National Woman's Party, the group that picketed the White House. The colors of purple, white, and yellow were so clearly identified with Paul's group that no written identification on the ribbon was deemed necessary.
Lucy Burns (April 20, 1879 – September 15, 1966) was an American suffragist and women's rights advocate. She was a passionate activist in the United States and in the United Kingdom. Burns was a close friend of Alice Paul, and together they ultimately formed the National Woman's Party. Lucy Burns spent more time in jail and endured horrible treatment and conditions in her quest to secure for women the right to vote. She is a true American hero.
Mrs. James Rector, Mary Dubrow, Alice Paul (members of the National Woman's Party) picket the Republican Convention of 1920 for its refusal to support the Susan B. Anthony Amendment. The women's protest sign displays a quotation from Susan B. Anthony: "No self-respecting woman should wish or work for a party that ignores her sex".
Suffragettes displeased over Women's Party Platform
National Woman's Party group September 6, 1922 After the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920, the National Womans Party turned its attention to eliminating other forms of gender discrimination through the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The ERA never passed, but many of its goals were achieved by the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Woman on bicycle, 1922. Original caption: "No more messenger boys for the National Woman's Party--from president to messenger all the members of the staff are feminine. This is in accordance with the stipulation of Mrs. Belmont when she donated the National Women's [i.e., Woman's] Party headquarters. Photo of Julia Obear, messenger."
Alice Paul & Mrs. O.H.P. Belmont (17 Nov 1923) . Alva Belmont and Alice Paul founded the National Woman's Party and championed women's suffrage and the 19th Amendment. Alva was president of the NWP from 1917 until her death in 1933. They likely served to inspire Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough's support for similar efforts in Britain.