Peter Abelard arguing out against the church had lasting effect in the long run despite him loosing to St. Bernard of Clarivaux. Over time there was a synthesis of learning religiously and scientifically which was clear by the 13th century. However the medieval philosophy did not promote science but some people like Francis Bacon did experiments anyway.
The below image is a painting called “Philosophy Presenting the Seven Liberal Arts to Boethius” from the manuscript The Consolation of Philosophy. It is from around 1450, at the end of the era of Medieval fashion and just before the Renaissance started changing clothing. The women wear a variety of gown styles, including sideless surcoats over cotehardies and the v-necked, high-waisted “Burgundian” gown. They all wear either wimples or hennins in different fashions, some veiled.
Ibn Rushd (European: Averroes), was a Muslim polymath; a master of Aristotelian philosophy, Islamic philosophy, logic, Arabic music theory, and the sciences of medicine, mathematics, physics and celestial mechanics. Reflecting the respect which medieval European scholars paid to him, Averroes is named by Dante in The Divine Comedy with the great pagan philosophers whose spirits dwell in "the place that favor owes to fame" in Limbo.
This image comes from Michael Maier's 1618 treatise on alchemy. It combines music, image and text to communicate alchemical knowledge to adepts. Note the combination of Pythagorean imagery with alchemical practice.
Platons Timaios Als Grundtext der Kosmologie In Spatantike, Mittelalter Und Renaissance/Plato's Timaeus And The Foundations Of Cosmology In Late Antiq ... and Medieval Philosophy - Series I, Band 34: Amazon.de: Thomas Leinkauf, Carlos Steel: Bücher