Just as they were with pottery and sculpting, the Mayans were skilled farmers. They cleared large parts of a tropical rain forest and built underground reservoirs for rainwater storage where water was scarce.
Altun Ha in Belize existed by at least 200 BC, perhaps even several centuries earlier, and flourished until the mysterious collapse of Classic Maya civilization around AD 900. Most of the temples date from around AD 550 to 650, though, like many Maya temples, most of them are composed of several layers, having been built over periodically in a series of renewals.
Located in what is today Guatemala, the ancient city of Tikal flourished from about 600 B.C. to A.D. 900, at which time it collapsed mysteriously along with much of the Mayan world. Several theories have been put forth, including drought, to explain the Maya demise. While it flourished, Tikal saw more than two-dozen pyramids erected, driven in part by the famous Mayan calendar. For instance, beginning as early as A.D. 672, twin pyramids were built, coinciding with the end of every every ...
Tikal (Guatemala) is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centres of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. Though monumental architecture at the site dates back as far as the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, ca. 200 to 900 AD.