Malaria-infected red blood cell. The cell at upper right is misshapen due to infection with Plasmodium falciparum. This is the merozoite stage of the protozoan parasite. It invades red blood cells after the sporozoite stage is injected into the blood by an Anopheles mosquito. The merozoites replicate and destroy the red blood cell, causing hemolytic anemia.
Did you know that malaria causes over approximately 600,000 deaths annually? Researchers have sequenced 16 genomes of Anopheles mosquito species. There are hundreds of Anopheles species, but only some species contain the malaria parasite and are accountable for the human transmissions.