Cave Bear Skull. Ursus Spelaeus meaning "cave" where theses bears lived most of their lives unlike the brown bear that used caves for hibernation. They lived in Europe during the Pleistocene and became extinct at the beginning of the Last Glacial Maximum, about 27,500 years ago.
#HumanMigration A ground-breaking new study on DNA recovered from a fossil of one of the earliest known Europeans - a man who lived 36,000 years ago in Kostenki, western Russia - has shown that the earliest European humans' genetic ancestry survived the Last Glacial Maximum: the peak point of the last ice age.
Last Glacial Maximum - A map of sea surface temperature changes and glacial extent during the last glacial maximum according to the CLIMAP project. During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), vast ice sheets covered much of North America, northern Europe and Asia. These ice sheets profoundly affected Earth's climate, causing drought, desertification and a dramatic drop in sea levels. It was followed by the Late Glacial Maximum.
Tav. 2– Rotte, segnate in rosso, battute dai primevi marinai del Mediterraneo, atte alla valutazione della grandezza della Sardegna e della Sicilia. Il tracciato è riportato sulla Map 1 – Last Glacial Maximum, Copyright del Museo Giovanni Capellini 2004.
The map shows the probable extent of land and water at the time of the last glacial maximum, 20,000 yrs BP and when the sea level was probably more than 110m lower than today. (Map of early human migrations according to mitochondrial population genetics (numbers are millennia before present).