King Richard I The Lion Heart (1189-1199). House of Angevin. 21st great-granduncle to QEII. Reign: 9 yrs, 8 mos, 30 days. Successor: brother, John. 3rd son of Henry II, rebelled against his father twice before becoming King. Richard acquired a reputation as a warrior becoming known as Richard ‘The Lion Heart’. After 3 successful crusades he was captured by the Duke of Austria. Upon release he returned to England where his brother John was ruling in his stead. Was later killed at war in…
On this day 8th September the birth of Richard the Lionheart in Oxford 1157. The third surviving chid of Henry II, one of the most astute and formidable of all English kings and the ruler of more of France than the French king himself. Henry was 24 when Richard was born and his mother 35 who was the ravishingly beautiful Eleanor of Aquitaine. Richard was 6ft 5" with red hair and piercing blue eyes, he was an inspiring leader and one of the best generals of his time. He died in 1199
Lady Anne Neville (1456–1485)-daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (the "Kingmaker"), wife of Edward, Prince of Wales & wife of King Richard III of England. A main character in the Wars of the Roses (Yorks vs. Lancasters). She married Edward, Prince of Wales sealing an alliance to the House of Lancaster. After Edward dies, the dowager Princess of Wales married Richard of Gloucester; brother of King Edward IV-House of York. She became Queen when Richard seized the crown in 1483.
They called him Lionheart — a name that has become the epitome of courage in battle. More than eight centuries after the death of King Richard I of England, forensic scientists have now revealed the secrets of his most feted organ.
Richard was famously killed at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, after being unhorsed and outnumbered while vying with Henry Tudor for the crown of England – an event recorded in the final scenes of Shakespeare’s play. As well as being considered the last monarch of the Medieval period, Richard III was also the last king of England to die in battle.