Joshua Chamberlain (September 8, 1828 - February 24, 1914), American college Professor from the State of Maine who volunteered during the Civil War to join the Union Army, reaching the rank of Brigadier General. For his gallantry at Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
"But out of that silence rose new sounds more appalling still; a strange ventriloquism, of which you could not locate the source, a smothered moan, as if a thousand discords were flowing together into a key-note weird, unearthly, terrible to hear and bear, yet startling with its nearness; the writhing concord broken by cries for help, some begging for a drop of water, some calling on God for pity; and some on friendly hands to finish what the enemy had so horribly begun...
Joshua Chamberlain, formerly a professor at Bowdoin College, led the 20th Maine at the pivotal battle of Gettysburg. When his men started to run out of ammo and were at risk of being overwhelmed, he ordered a bayonet charge that routed the Confederate troops. Chamberlain also had the honor of commanding the US troops at the surrender ceremony of Robert E. Lee's army of Northern Virginia in April of 1865.
John Calhoun Chamberlain, Civil War chaplain for the 11th Maine and brother to Brigadier General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, famous for leading the bayonet charge defense of Little Round Top, Gettysburg, PA, in July of 1863. Died at 29 after surviving the war.