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Richard II and Henry IV: The Lineage that Led to the War of the Roses

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, the complex 'hero' of The Scandalous Duchess. My 18th great grandfather.


John of Gaunt (Ghent), 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) on engraving from the 1800s. Member of the House of Plantagenet and the third surviving son of King Edward III.


TUDOR ROSE-- Catherine DeRoet Swynford (21gm); mistress and eventual 3rd wife of John of Gaunt (son of Edward III); Duchess of Lancaster and ancestress of the Tudor line via their children, the Beauforts

from HubPages

Katherine Swynford: how a Duke's Mistress became the ancestor of royalty

Tombs of Katherine Swynford and her daughter Joan Beaufort. The three preceding houses of English sovereigns from the Houses of Lancaster, York and Tudor, were descended from John of Gaunt through, Henry Bolingbroke, Joan Beaufort and John Beaufort.


14th-Century Rulers: • John of Gaunt, King Consort of Castile & León, c. 1386 • King Pedro I of Castile, c. 1367-69 • King Enrique II of Castile, c. 1369


John of Gaunt, Knight of the Order of the Garter - his armor stood 6'9" tall. His wife was Catherine Swynford Princess and Duchess of Lancaster Roet. Catherine's sister Philippa was married to Geoffrey Chaucer (Canterbury Tales)


Richard II: "This Sceptered Isle" speech 0:00 - An Age of Kings, 1960, Edgar Wreford 2:01 - BBC Shakespeare, 1978, John Gielgud 3:58 - Shakespeare's Globe, 2003, John McEnery 5:35 - The Hollow Crown, 2012, Patrick Stewart