Osler Library of the History of Medicine, McGill University Dr. William Osler (second from left) at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, where, in the 1890s, he created the first residency program for training physicians after medical school
Johns Hopkins, Baltimore merchant & banker, left an estate of $7 million (US$137.3 million in 2014) when he died Christmas Eve 1873 at age 78. His will stipulated that his fortune be used to found two institutions that would bear his name: "Johns Hopkins University" & "The Johns Hopkins Hospital." At that time, Hopkins's gift was the largest philanthropic bequest in United States history. His name was "Johns", no apostrophe, just "Johns."