This is an F-15. It succeeded the F-4 Phantom and is known as the world's greatest air-superiority fighter. Although outdated by new and more agile jets, the F-15 is remembered as one of the greatest fighter jets of the 20th century.
Over the rainbow. An Raptor pulling so many Gs, the low pressure air over the fuselage gets cold enough for the water to condense. The angle is just right for sunlight to make rainbow colors around the airplane