Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770. Lieutenant James Cook was the first European known to have explored the more habitable east coast. Cook had been sent to chart the transit of Venus from Tahiti, but he also charted much of the Australian and New Zealand coastlines. He reached New Zealand in October 1769, and mapped its coast. On 19 April 1770, the crew of the Endeavour sighted the east coast of Australia and ten days later landed in Botany Bay.
Before and after: Hugh Martin / Ian Burke / Ian G. Cooke: St. James Centre Edinburgh Great Britain 19641973. Planned redevelopment from Allan Murray Architects.http://ift.tt/29h98sJ Images: hckbln 2016 / edinburghstjames.com
The HMS Endeavour, captained by James Cook, ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef, on this day in British history, June 11, 1770. Heavy damage delayed Cook's voyage by seven weeks, but he continued the expedition and claimed a large swath of coastline for Great Britain.