Jamaican History. The Maroons were a group of runaway slaves that lived in the most rugged regions of the island. They orchestrated a revolt that eventually became the first Maroon War (1690-1739). Things remained calm until the second rebellion broke out around 1760. Sam Sharpe a Baptist minister was hanged in Montego Bay for his role in the revolt.
Maroons in New Nanny Town, Jamaica: The word maroon means escaped slave and comes from a Spanish word meaning mountaineers. The previously enslaved Africans escaped from their plantations to the mountains and formed independent communities of free people.