10 Civilizations That Disappeared Under Mysterious Circumstances. Indus Valley Civilization One of the great civilizations of the ancient world is called simply the Indus or Harappan civilization. Thousands of years ago, it may have boasted up to 5 million people, almost 10 percent of the world's population, spread over a region that encompassed parts of today's India, Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.
Harvest goddess from Mohenjo Daro. This figurine was found in the ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro. Most human figurines found in the ruins of that culture are feminine which indicates that women had a high standing in that society. Mohenjo Daro, or "Mound of the Dead" is an ancient Indus Valley Civilization city that flourished between 2600 and 1900 BCE. It was one of the first world and ancient Indian cities. The site was discovered in the 1920s and lies in Pakistan's Sindh province.
The Indus River Valley civilization, which built the city of Mohenjo Daro (shown here), arose in what is now Pakistan about 4,500 years ago. Mohenjo Daro and its sister city, Harappa, each had some 40,000 residents at their peak in 2500 B.C.
The Swastika Its use in India dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization city of Harappa, and came to represent Vishnu in Hinduism. In Chinese Taoism, the swastika is a symbol of eternity. For Tibetan Buddhism, it is emblematic of the element of Earth. It is a common practice for Hindus to draw Swastika symbols on the doors and entrances to their houses during festivals, which is believed to symbolize an invitation to goddess Lakshmi.