Iberian Peninsula in 1157 AD The Reconquista had reached the Tejo river by the end of the 11th century but the Almoravid invasion prevented further expansion southwards. The only noteworthy military actions until mid 12th century happened in the Portuguese border where King D.Afonso Henriques managed to conquer the cities of Leiria, Santarém and Lisbon between 1135 and 1147: an exception in the otherwise stable borders between Christian and Muslim territories during the same period.
Celtic Tribes in Iberia. The Celts in the Iberian peninsula were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène culture that defined classical Iron Age Celts. Celtic or (Indo-European) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations did exist, even if their cultures do set them somewhat apart from the rest of the Celtic world in Antiquity. Albiones - western Asturias (Spain). Astures - Asturias and northern León (Spain), and west of Trás os Montes (Portugal).
Roman conquest of Hispania ~In 218 BC the first Roman troops invaded the Iberian Peninsula, during the Second Punic war against the Carthaginians, and annexed it under Augustus after two centuries of war with the Celtic and Iberian tribes and the Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian colonies, resulting in the creation of the province of Hispania. @Jess Pearl Liu zheng.wikipedia.org
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