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from the Guardian

The 10 best physicists

Largely self-educated, Michael Faraday (1791-1867) came to science by being assistant to English chemist Humphry Davy in 1813. He developed the idea of the electromagnetic field & discovered electromagnetic induction & the laws of electrolysis. His electromagnetic devices is the basis for electric motor technology. He twice rejected knighthood offers & refused to advise on chemical weapons for the Crimean war on ethical grounds. Einstein kept pictures of Faraday, Newton & Maxwell on study…

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Portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821 - Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA FGS (1778 –1829) was a Cornish chemist & inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali & alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine & iodine. In January 1819, Davy was awarded a baronetcy, this was, at the time, the highest honour ever conferred on a man of science in Britain.

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Michael Faraday, FRS (22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis.

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from WIRED

Dec. 18, 1878: Let There Be Light — Electric Light

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Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS MRIA FGS was an English chemist and inventor. He is probably best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine. In 1815 he invented the Davy lamp, which allowed miners to work safely in the presence of flammable gases.

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“O, Excellent Air Bag”: Humphry Davy and Nitrous Oxide | The summer of 1799 saw a new fad take hold in one remarkable circle of British society: the inhalation of “Laughing Gas”. The overseer and pioneer of these experiments was a young Humphry Davy, future President of the Royal Society.

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Humphry Davy - British chemist and inventor. He discovered several alkali and alkaline earth metals. He also discovered Chlorine and Iodine. He invented the Davy Lamp in 1815 that allowed miners to work safely in the presence of flammable gases.

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Exploring the World of Chemistry. This book presents an exciting and intriguing tour through the realm of chemistry as each chapter unfolds with facts and stories about the discoveries and discoverers. Find out why pure gold is not used for jewelry or coins. Join Humphry Davy as he made many chemical discoveries, and learn how they shortened his life. See how people in the 1870s could jump over the top of the Washington Monument. Exploring the World of Chemistry brings science to life and is…