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DNA of 1,500 Europeans, East Asians, South Asians, and Melanesians to look for pieces of the genetic code inherited from Neanderthals and Denisovans. The team found that each group has 10 to 20 beneficial pieces of DNA from extinct human relatives. For example, the study suggests that genes from Neanderthals affect skin color and the immune system’s response to viruses and other microbes. Denisovan DNA is thought to help modern Tibetans live at high altitudes.

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Neanderthal inheritance helped humans adapt to life outside of Africa Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2016/11/neanderthal-inheritance-helped-humans.html#j4qQg2YzAIItytWD.99

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Why Humans Don't Have More Neanderthal DNA

The mutations humans acquired from Neanderthals are slowly being purged from the genome overtime

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