Found on the Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides, Scotland, before 11 April 1831 acquired by the British Museum between November 1831 and January 1832. Publication History: Madden, Sir Frederic, "Historical remarks on the introduction of the game of chess into Europe and on the ancient chessmen discovered in the Isle of Lewis," in Archaeologia
Hnefatafl - popular Norse board game that pre-dates Chess. One side, the white pieces in this set, plays a thane defending a territory. The other side plays invaders. When Chess became more popular it was common to use one's Hnefatafl pieces as chessmen. The famous Lewis Chess Set is believe to be partly made up of repurposed Hnefatafl pieces.
A fonte de Duchamp (1917). "Quando Marcel Duchamp desloca objetos de seus contextos cotidianos e os coloca no contexto da galeria e do museu, conforme a proposta do readymade, é a esfera da arte da tradição ocidental que se encontra em questão, investida como é de um caráter sagrado e dotado de valor de culto." Leia mais em: http://incinerrante.com/arte-e-profanacao/