Raphael's father, Giovanni Santi, was a painter for the Duke of Urbino, Federigo da Montefeltro. Giovanni taught the young Raphael basic painting techniques and exposed him to the principles of humanistic philosophy at the Duke of Urbino's court.
The Four Books of Architecture Palladio's country villas, urban palazzos, and churches combined modern features with classical Roman principles. His designs were hailed as 'the quintessence of High Renaissance calm and harmony.
The Marriage of the Virgin, also known as Lo Sposalizio, is an oil painting by Italian High Renaissance artist Raphael. Completed in 1504 for a Franciscan church in Città di Castello, the painting depicts a marriage ceremony between Mary and Joseph.