Rome was founded c. 500 bc. By 200 bc, it ruled most Italy, and in 150 bc, it conquered Carthage, the greatest power of the western Mediterranean at the time. By 150 bc, only three cities had over 100,000 people: Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome. By 44 bc, Rome would rule them all.
Joseph and Esarhaddon of Assyria, brother rivalry in the story of Joseph and in the life of King Esarhaddon - even though he was not the oldest of his brothers, Esarhaddon was named heir apparent of his father Sennacherib, ruler of the Assyrian empire. But because of his jealous brothers, Esarhaddon had to leave Nineveh and take refuge elsewhere. The pattern of jealous brothers, exile and eventual success is also seen in the Biblical story of Joseph. How does one tale inform the other?
Alexander the Great has a new weapon - the war elephants he brought back from India. One young mahout shows exceptional bravery and becomes captain of the elephants. He glimpses a bigger prize, but to become the heir to Alexander's throne, he must betray everything he loves.
Ushankhuru, the heir to the Egyptian throne, depicted on a replica of King Esarhaddon’s Victory Stele. The Assyrian king invaded Ancient Egypt during the rule of Pharaoh Taharqa in 671 BCE, and deported members of the Egyptian nobility to Assyria. The original stele is in Berlin’s Pergamon Museum
Stela of Raneb | Early Dynastic Period | The MetRaneb’s stela is one of a series of royal name stelae dating to Dynasties 1 and 2. Most of these come from the royal cemeteries of Abydos in southern Egypt, and all but two are carved from relatively soft limestone. Raneb's granite stela is the earliest surviving example of relief-carving in this very hard stone. Raneb was also the first king to incorporate the name of the sun god Re into his titulary, marking this diety's increasing…