Here we have a 'close stool' at Hampton Court Palace. Groom of the Stool was a high Court position Henry VIII bestowed upon a favored and close friend. The duties of a Groom of the Stool were to empty and clean the close stool, as well as cleaning and drying the Royal derrière. The best known of Henry's Grooms of the Stool was Sir Henry Norris, who was convicted of adultery with Queen Anne Boleyn.
The Groom of the Stool was the most intimate of a monarch’s courtiers. In the 16th century both Henry VII and Henry VIII had grooms of this nature before the role evolved to become Groom of the Stole during the Stuart era. [Image: 16th century toilet]
groom of the stool: the appellation "Groom of the Stool" derived from the item of furniture now known as a commode or portable lavatory(Old English & Norse Stol or Stoll meaning a chair), was in the earliest times a male servant in the household of an English monarch who was in charge of providing facilities for the monarch's defecation, and assisted in his cleansing or washing thereafter
Groom of the Stool The Independent reports that like most English monarchs Henry VIII employed a groom of the stool whose role consisted of conversing during defecation and cleaning of the royal rear. Though gross, the job was coveted because it provided unobstructed access to the king.
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This home has "doggone" good design! This design, by Kendra Roenker of Modern Builders Supply, makes pet care easy for the owners, and luxurious for the dogs. The amenities go way beyond the basics. The faucet is placed above the water bowls—no more toting water from the kitchen sink and leaving a wet trail behind. The beds aren't just beds—they are raised beds with stepping stools. The feeding station holds toys, food, leashes and dog grooming tools.