Did you know there was an African American owned car manufacturer? The C.R. Patterson & Son Carriage Co. of Greenfield, Ohio became the nation's, and the world's, 1st & only African-American founded & owned car manufacturing company. The company began as a manufacturer of horse drawn carriages & ended up as a manufacturer of buses for both urban transportation systems & rural school needs. In 1915 they came out with a car that was considered more sophisticated than Henry Ford's Model T cars.